Overweight

High risk of liver cancer with high BMI and type 2 diabetes

According to 14 American prospective studies, high BMI, waist circumference and type 2 diabetes are major risk factors for liver cancer. If the BMI increases by 5 kg/m², the risk increases in men by 38% and in women by 25%. In the case of patients with diabetes, the risk is almost doubled.

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More dairy products in weight loss

A high consumption of milk and dairy products supports weight reduction. This has been shown by a recently published Australian meta-analysis of 27 randomised-controlled intervention studies. With the higher consumption of cheese, milk etc. there was not only a greater reduction in weight, but also a greater loss of body fat mass and better preservation of the lean body mass.

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Fat does not make you fat

A Mediterranean diet with plenty of olive oil or nuts does not make people fatter than a low-fat diet. This has been shown by the PREDIMED study, a Spanish randomised controlled intervention study, which was carried out at an eleven hospitals. Overall, 7,447 women and men aged from 55 to 80 years took part who had either type 2 diabetes or three cardiovascular risk factors. The greatest weight loss was achieved by the group with a Mediterranean diet and plenty of olive oil. Conversely, the participants in the diet group with restricted fat intake showed the greatest increase in waist circumference.

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“Thrifty” individuals more likely to get fat

An international study impressively confirms that there are indeed people who handle their fat reserves very economically. Their genes are adjusted to save energy and they have what is referred to among scientists as a “thrifty genotype”. For this study, the energy consumption of 77 participants was examined over the course of a 24-hour analysis, during which the individuals both fasted and overate. The “economical” subjects showed a higher decrease in energy consumption during fasting, which was reflected in a higher proportion of total fat and belly fat content, as well as a lower core body temperature.

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Metabolic syndrome causes the brain to shrink

According to a prospective cohort study which ran for six years and involved 1,500 subjects from Singapore aged 55 and above, the participants with metabolic syndrome exhibit a greater probability of cognitive decline and the development of dementia.

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